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Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg
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Template:Infobox settlement/columns
 • First MayorPeter Tschentscher (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / The Greens
 • Votes in Bundesrat3 (of 69)
 • CityTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
 (30 September 2016)[1]
 • City1,822,445
 • DensityTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code(s)
20001–21149, 22001–22769
Area code(s)040
ISO 3166 codeDE-HH
Vehicle registration
  • HH (1906–1945; again since 1956)
  • MGH (1945)
  • H (1945–1947)
  • HG (1947)
  • BH (1948–1956)
GDP/ Nominal€ 111/$130 billion (2016) [2]
GDP per capita€ 62,000/$72,900[3] (2015)
NUTS RegionDE6

Hamburg or in full Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.), is a city in the north of Germany on the banks of the River Elbe, 18 km away from the North Sea.

With a population of about 1.73 million (1730000) it is the biggest German city after Berlin and the sixth largest city of the European Union. The religion is about 37% Protestant, 10% Catholic, 8% Muslim, 38% agnostic, 2% Pagan.

Since it was an important member of the Hanseatic League, the city's official name still includes Hansestadt (Hanseatic city). Other German cities that do the same today are: Lübeck, Rostock, Wismar, Stralsund, Bremen, Greifswald and Demmin. The membership in this trade alliance has influenced the architecture of the city to a great extent. It has also left some marks in the region around the city. Strategic bombing in World War II devastated the city.

In 2017 a consulting company ranked it 17th for best place to live in the world.[4]

The area of Hamburg is 755.16 km2 (291.6 sq mi).[5] It has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).


Hamburg's harbour is, by shipments, the second largest harbour in Europe (after Rotterdam) and among the ten largest in the world. It is a very important gate to the countries along the Baltic Sea and Eastern Europe.

There are about 120,000 businesses in Hamburg.[6] The company Airbus has an assembly plant for large civil aircraft in Hamburg. 30,000 people are employed in Hamburg's aircraft industries. There are only two other locations worldwide in this scale, Seattle in the United States and Toulouse in France.

About half of Germany's nationwide newspapers and magazines are made in Hamburg. Germany's most-viewed television news Tagesschau is broadcast from Hamburg.

Hamburg's red-light district (in Sankt Pauli) is the largest in Europe.

File:Hamburg Jungfernstieg (1890-1900).jpg
Hamburg Jungfernstieg in 1895

Sister cities

Related pages


  1. "State population". Portal of the Land Statistics Office Hamburg. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  2. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – in Deutschland 1991 bis 2016 nach Bundesländern (WZ 2008) – VGR dL".
  4. "Vienna tops Mercer's 19th Quality of Living ranking". Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  5. "Internetagentur Hamburg".