Gulf War

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The Persian Gulf War, sometimes just called the Gulf War, was a conflict between Iraq and 34 other countries, led by the United States. It started with the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq on August 2, 1990. Iraq had long claimed Kuwait as part of its territory. The war ended the following spring when Iraq's armies were defeated. There were two military operations.

Operation Desert Shield brought troops to protect Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states that Iraq had not attacked.

Operation Desert Storm attacked Iraq's forces both in Kuwait and in Iraq. Operation Desert Storm started on 17 January, 1991 with an air strike. Ground operations started 24 February. Iraqi forces set fire to oil wells to slow the attack.The war ended on 28 February, 1991 with a ceasefire.

The long Iran–Iraq War ended in August 1988. Iraq owed a great amount of money to Saudi Arabia and had difficulty paying it back. Saddam Hussein declared the neighboring country of Kuwait to be siphoning Iraqi crude oil from across the border, and on August 2nd, 1990 the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait started.  On January 17, 1991 the US began the Persian Gulf War with a massive US led air offensive known as Operation Desert Storm.

The war was assisted by latest modern technology, including stealth bombers, and cruise missiles (smart bombs)

After 42 days of fighting President Bush declared a ceasefire on February 28, by that time most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.  

Operation Desert storm was mainly a bombing campaign that targeted Iraqi Aircraft, anti-aircraft, Oil Refineries, Weapon Factories, Bridges, and roads. The war was easily a lopsided victory but it came with major consequences President George Bush decided not to depost Saddam Houssein.

Political issues after Operation Desert Storm lead to the second Persian Gulf War in 2003.
File:Persian Gulf Veterans National Medal of US.jpg
Medal for United States personnel.

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