Type of siteSocial network
Users114 million active users
Current statusActive

Google+ is a social networking website run by Google. Google+ was opened to people with an invitation on June 28, 2011 for testing.[1] The next day, people with accounts were allowed to invite friends to the service. This was stopped within a day after there was "insane demand" for accounts.[2]

Google+ is made to work with different Google social services such as Google Profiles and Google Buzz. It also has features including Circles, Hangouts, Sparks and Huddles.[3] It has been said that this is Google's biggest attempt to rival the social network Facebook.[4]

On October 8, 2018, Google said that they plan to shut down Google+ in 2019. This is because a software bug in Google+ let people see the data of hundreds of thousands of users.[5][6]


On 14 July 2011, Google said that Google+ had 10 million users two weeks after it was opened to people with invitations.[7] After three weeks, Google+ had 20 million users.[8] The Google+ iPhone app was the most popular free application in the Apple App Store less than a day after it was added to the store.[9]


  • "Circles" lets users to organize contacts into groups for sharing.[10]
  • "Messaging" lets people communicate with their circles using Android, iPhone, and SMS devices.[10]
  • "Hangouts" are places used to have a group video chat within a circle.[10]
  • "Instant Upload" lets people with Android mobile devices upload and store photos or video in a private album for sharing later.[10]
  • "Sparks" uses Google Search to let users find topics they might like to share with others.[10]
  • "Streams" lets users see updates from those in their circles. This is similar to Facebook's news feed.[10]
  • "Ripples" is a visualization tool that allows users to play back public shares and conversations.[11]


  1. "Facebook's Newest Challenger: Google Plus". Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  2. Shaer, Matthew (30 June 2011). "Looking for a Google+ invite? Either get comfortable - or get crafty". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  3. "Official Google+ Website". Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  4. Cain Miller, Claire (28 June 2011). "Another Try by Google to Take On Facebook". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  5. MacMillan, Douglas; McMillan, Robert (Oct 8, 2018). "Google Exposed User Data, Feared Repercussions of Disclosing to Public". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  6. Smith, Ben (October 8, 2018). "Project Strobe: Protecting your data, improving our third-party APIs, and sunsetting consumer Google+". Google. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  7. Goldman, David (14 July 2011). "Google+ grows to 10 million users". CNNMoney. Cable News Network. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  8. Musil, Steven (21 July 2011). "Google+ hits 20 million mark in three weeks". cnet News. CBS. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  9. Tsotsis, Alexia (20 July 2011). "Google+ Now The Top Free App In The Apple App Store". TechCrunch. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 M.G. Siegler (28 June 2011). "Google+ Project: It's Social, It's Bold, It's Fun, And It Looks Good — Now For The Hard Part". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  11. Vic Gundotra (27 October 2011). "Google+: Popular posts, eye-catching analytics, photo fun and..." Google. Retrieved 30 October 2011.

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