German Empire

German Empire

Deutsches Kaiserreich
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Motto: Gott mit Uns
(German: "God with us”)
Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial)
Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I
Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I
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Common languagesGerman
Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria)
French (Lothringen region of Elsass-Lothringen)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
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1910540,766 km2 (208,791 sq mi)
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ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
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The German Empire ("Deutsches Reich" or "Deutsches Kaiserreich" in the German language) is the name for a group of German countries from January 18, 1871 to November 9, 1918. This is from the Unification of Germany when Wilhelm I of Prussia was made German Kaiser to when the third Emperor Wilhelm II was removed from power at the end of the First World War. It is sometimes called the "Second Reich".

The name of Germany was "Deutsches Reich" until 1945. "Reich" can mean many things, empire, kingdom, state, "richness" or "wealth". Most members of the Empire were previously members of the North German Confederation.

At different times, there were three groups of smaller countries, each group was later called a "Reich" by some Germans. The first was the Holy Roman Empire. The second was the German Empire. The third was the Third Reich.

The words "Second Reich" were used for the German Empire by Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, a nationalist writer in the 1920s. He was trying to make a link with the earlier Holy Roman Empire which had once been very strong. Germany had lost the war and was suffering big problems and he wanted to start a "Third Reich" to unite the country. These words were later used by the Nazis to make themselves appear stronger.

States in the Empire

State Capital
Kingdoms (Königreiche)
25px Prussia (Preußen) Berlin
25px Bavaria (Bayern) Munich
25px Saxony (Sachsen) Dresden
25px Württemberg Stuttgart
Grand duchies (Großherzogtümer)
25px Baden Karlsruhe
25px Hesse (Hessen) Darmstadt
25px Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schwerin
25px Mecklenburg-Strelitz Neustrelitz
25px Oldenburg Oldenburg
25px Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) Weimar
Duchies (Herzogtümer)
25px Anhalt Dessau
25px Brunswick (Braunschweig) Braunschweig
25px Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg) Altenburg
25px Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) Coburg
25px Saxe-Meiningen (Sachsen-Meiningen) Meiningen
Principalities (Fürstentümer)
25px Lippe Detmold
25px Reuss, junior line Gera
25px Reuss, senior line Greiz
25px Schaumburg-Lippe Bückeburg
25px Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Rudolstadt
25px Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Sondershausen
25px Waldeck-Pyrmont Arolsen
Free Hanseatic cities (Freie Hansestädte)
25px Bremen
25px Hamburg
25px Lübeck
Imperial territory (Reichsland)
25px Alsace-Lorraine (Elsaß-Lothringen) Straßburg

Related pages