George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver
File:George Washington Carver by Frances Benjamin Johnston.jpg
Photograph of George Washington Carver taken by Frances Benjamin Johnston in 1906.
Bornby January 1864[1]
Died(1943-01-05)January 5, 1943
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George Washington Carver (c. January 1860[3] – January 5, 1943) was an American educator, botanist (someone who works with plants), and inventor. He is best known for his work with peanuts, sweet potatoes, and other crops.

Carver's reputation is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, which also aided nutrition for farm families. He wanted poor farmers to grow alternative crops both as a source of their own food and as a source of other products to improve their quality of life.

The most popular of his 44 practical bulletins for farmers contained 105 food recipes using peanuts.[4] He also developed and promoted about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm, including cosmetics, dyes, paints, plastics, gasoline, and nitroglycerin. He received numerous honors for his work, including the Spingarn Medal of the NAACP.[5]

He was born into slavery in January 1864 in Diamond, Missouri. The date of his birth is unknown. He studied in Simpson College when he was 22. Much of Carver's fame is based on his research. He died on January 5, 1943 after a fall he had in his home in Tuskegee, Alabama on January 5, 1943.


  1. "About GWC: A Tour of His Life". George Washington Carver National Monument. National Park Service. Archived from the original|archive-url= requires |url= (help) on 2008-06-05. George Washington Carver did not know the exact date of his birth, but he thought it was in January 1864 (some evidence indicates July 1861, but not conclusively). He knew it was sometime before slavery was abolished in Missouri, which occurred in January 1864. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. Israel, Charlene (15 Feb 2011). "George Washington Carver: Master Inventor, Artist". CBN News. Retrieved 28 Jan 2013. More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
  3. "George Washington Carver". Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  4. Carver, George Washington. 1916. "How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of Preparing it for Human Consumption", Tuskegee Institute Experimental Station Bulletin 31.
  5. Fun for Kids - George Washington Carver