Estonia

Republic of Estonia

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Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinn
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Official languagesEstoniana
Recognised regional languagesVõro
Setu
Ethnic groups
(2012[1])
69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
Demonym(s)Estonian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
Independence from 
Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.45%
Population
• 2010 estimate
1,340,194[2] (151st)
• 2012 census
1,294,236[3]
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (181st)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$27.313 billion[4]
• Per capita
$21,059[4]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$22.225 billion[4]
• Per capita
$16,636[4]
Gini (2009)31.4
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.835[5]
very high · 34th
CurrencyEuro ()e (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code372
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.eef
  1. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
  2. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[6]</li>
  3. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[7] Pechory remains under Russian control.
  5. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
  6. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.
  7. </ol></div></td></tr></table> Estonia Script error: No such module "IPAc-en". (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.), officially the Republic of Estonia (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893.[8]

    Estonia became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on 29 March 2004. It joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.

    Estonia is east from the Baltic Sea and the northest of the Baltic States.

    The Riigikogu is the name of the parliament in Estonia. <imagemap> File:Eesti_maakonnad_2006.svg|500px|left|Counties of Estonia poly 149 174 230 291 137 327 40 263 Hiiu County poly 197 110 338 228 338 319 263 375 203 242 Lääne County poly 225 294 271 387 233 585 38 511 21 363 Saare County poly 534 33 567 172 515 174 492 245 421 185 342 240 246 141 Harju County poly 531 35 567 168 514 176 572 197 569 221 594 244 597 263 666 247 693 192 670 170 666 85 Lääne-Viru County poly 669 77 667 170 693 192 665 246 704 273 805 244 874 107 Ida-Viru County poly 340 240 422 185 490 246 475 314 443 318 433 308 374 323 338 322 Rapla County poly 270 375 337 318 373 327 433 307 486 314 477 352 453 361 449 408 484 421 446 495 345 546 Pärnu County poly 476 309 515 173 573 197 569 223 594 243 596 275 546 317 505 340 484 335 491 313 Järva County poly 454 365 479 348 482 334 505 338 545 319 597 366 602 379 591 454 560 462 527 507 458 486 487 418 445 401 Viljandi County poly 597 367 546 316 597 265 665 246 707 274 735 310 684 344 Jõgeva County poly 600 365 676 347 748 300 809 443 731 412 662 452 637 439 591 461 Tartu County poly 525 512 556 461 637 442 662 453 658 495 632 501 652 588 622 598 Valga County poly 656 492 660 452 732 412 806 445 840 514 756 522 753 501 Põlva County poly 634 502 659 493 756 502 756 521 816 524 765 612 654 619 Võru County </imagemap> Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa. Template:Clearleft Estonia has many forests, almost 50% of the land is covered with forests. Estonia has over 1,400 lakes and 1,500 islands.

    International rankings

    The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.

    Index Rank Countries reviewed
    Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012 1st 47
    Index of Economic Freedom 2010 14th 157
    Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007 5th 45
    Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 3rd 179
    State of World Liberty Index 1st 159
    Human Development Index 2010[5] 34th 169
    Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 29th 178
    Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010 25th 133
    Ease of Doing Business Index 2011 17th 158
    State of The World's Children's Index 2012[9] 10th 165
    State of The World's Women's Index 2012 18th 165
    Legatum Prosperity Index 2011 33rd 110

    According to speedtest.net Estonia has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world with an average download speed of 27.12 Mbit/s.[10]

    Related pages

    References

    1. "Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
    2. "Statistics Estonia". Stat.ee. 1 January 2011.
    3. (in Estonian and English) (PDF) 2012. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census). 1. Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia). 2012. ISBN 9985-74-202-8. http://www.stat.ee/63779. 
    4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Estonia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
    5. 5.0 5.1 "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
    6. "Võrokesed ees, setod järel". Postimees. 13 July 2012.
    7. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II
    8. "World Bank, World Development Indicators - Google Public Data Explorer". www.google.com.
    9. "Reports and Publications". Save the Children.
    10. "Household Download Index". Retrieved 12 February 2012.

    Other websites