Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

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"Unidad, Paz, Justicia"  (Spanish)
"Unité, Paix, Justice"  (French)
"Unidade, Paz, Justiça  (Portuguese)
"Unity, Peace, Justice"
Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad
Let us walk the path of our immense happiness
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

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Largest cityBata
Official languagesSpanish (administrative)
Recognised regional languagesFang
Ethnic groups
85.7% Fang
6.5% Bubi
3.6% Mdowe
1.6% Annobon
1.1% Bujeba
1.4% other (Spanish)
Demonym(s)Equatoguinean, Equatorial Guinean
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
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• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (144th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
676,000[2] (166th)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (187th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$24.146 billion[3]
• Per capita
$34,824[3] (22nd)
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$14.006 billion[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2010)Increase 0.538[4]
low · 117th
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code240
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.gq
a. Including Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano).

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation in west central Africa, and one of the smallest countries in Africa. It borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west. In the past, it was the Spanish colony of Spanish Guinea. The country's territory is both on the continent and on islands. The continental part is known as Río Muni. On one island, Bioko, is the capital, Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language.


Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces (capitals appear in parentheses):

  1. Annobón Province (San Antonio de Palé)
  2. Bioko Norte Province (Malabo)
  3. Bioko Sur Province (Luba)
  4. Centro Sur Province (Evinayong)
  5. Kié-Ntem Province (Ebebiyín)
  6. Litoral Province (Bata)
  7. Wele-Nzas Province (Mongomo)

The provinces are further divided into districts.


  1. Cia World Factbook; Equatorial Guinea
  2. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 World Development Indicators database, World Bank, accessed on 23 August 2011.
  4. "Human Development Report 2009. Human development index trends: Table G" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 2009-10-10.

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