El Salvador

Republic of El Salvador

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Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad"  (Spanish)
"God, Unity, Freedom"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
National anthem of El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
and largest city
San Salvador
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Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
Mestizo: 80%

White: 17%

Black: 0%

Native american: 1%

Other: 2%
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
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LegislatureLegislative Assembly
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• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (153rd)
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
6,134,000[1] (99th)
• 2009 census
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (47th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$43.567 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$21.700 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2002)52.4
HDI (2015)Increase 0.704[4]
high · 90th
CurrencyU.S. dollar2 (USD)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+5031
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.sv
  1. Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5.5%), Red (0.5%).
  2. The United States dollar is the currency in use. Financial information can be expressed in U.S. Dollars and in Salvadoran colón, but the colón is out of circulation.[5]
  3. On the Coat of Arms of El Salvador, the country's name is written "Republica de El Salvador en la America Central", Meaning "Republic of El Salvador in Central America"

El Salvador (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital and largest city is San Salvador. Other important cities are: Santa Ana and Sonsonate. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean on the south, and the countries of Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east.

In 2010 El Salvador ranked in the top 10 Latin American countries in terms of Human Development Index. It was in the top 3 in Central America (behind Costa Rica and Panama). Also, tropical forests and overall forests have expanded by nearly 20% from the year 1992 to 2010, making it one of the few countries experiencing reforestation.[6]

In El Salvador there are only two seasons. The dry season starts in mid-October and it lasts until mid May. During the dry season, it hardly ever rains. The wet season starts in mid-May and ends in mid-October. In this season it rains every day. The dry season is called summer and the rainy season is called winter.

Most of the population is mestizo, a mixture of European and American people.


El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (departamentos). These are divided into 262 municipalities (municipios).

Department names and abbreviations for the 14 Salvadoran Departments:

Departments of El Salvador
Western El Salvador
Ahuachapán (Ahuachapán)
Santa Ana (Santa Ana)
Sonsonate (Sonsonate)
Central El Salvador
La Libertad(Santa Tecla)
Chalatenango (Chalatenango)
Cuscatlán (Cojutepeque)
San Salvador (San Salvador)
La Paz (Zacatecoluca)
Cabañas (Sensuntepeque)
San Vicente (San Vicente)
Eastern El Salvador
Usulután (Usulután)
San Miguel (San Miguel)
Morazán (San Francisco Gotera)
La Unión (La Unión)
Note: Departmental capitals are in parentheses.


The civilization of El Salvador began around 1500 B.C., leaving an evidence that would be the Tazumal Ruins and Chalchuapa Ruins. The first habitants were Pocomanes, Lencas and Pipiles; they stayed in the middle and east zone of El Salvador until about the eleventh century. The Spaniard Andrés Niño led an expedition from Central America and arrived in Meanguera Island in the Gulf of Fonseca on May 31, 1522. That was the first Salvadoran territory visited by Spaniard men.

In June of 1524, Pedro de Alvarad began a war of conquest against Cuzcatlán (Land of beautiful things) that was populated by native tribes of the country. During 17 days of bloody battles many natives and Spaniard men died, including the native Atlacatl. Pedro de Alvarado derroted and injured, left the battle and set off to Guatemala, leaving his brother, Gonzalo de Alvarado, to continue the conquest of Cuzcatlan. After this, their cousin, Diego de Alvardo established the San Salvador Ville on April 1525 in a site named La Bermuda, near Suchitoto City. In 1546, Carlos I from Spain named San Salvador a city.

During the following years, the country grew under Spaniard control. In 1810 a feeling of freedom formed between the countries of Central America. On the morning of November 5th, 1811, the priest José Matías Delgado rang the bells of La Merced Church in San Salvador, calling for an uprising. After many internal conflicts, the Declaration of Independence of Central América was signed in Guatemala on September 15th, 1821. That day is the Independence day all around Central America.


  1. "UNdata El Salvador". UN. 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
  2. Gob.sv (Spanish)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "El Salvador". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  4. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  5. "Monetary integration". Government of Ecuador. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007.
  6. World's Forests Rebounding, Study Suggests. News.nationalgeographic.com (2010-10-28). Retrieved on 2012-07-28.