In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara establishes a context for the next two centuries. Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats a coalition of daimyo and establishes hegemony over most of Japan.
In 1868, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns, the Tokugawa shogunate ends. This marks the end of the Edo period. Emperor Meiji establishes his Imperial capital in Edo, which is renamed Tokyo ("eastern capital").
Tokugawa Ieyasu, first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate
A yagura, or turret, at Edo Castle in Tokyo.
Hasekura Tsunenaga, a Samurai and Japan's first official ambassador to the Americas and Europe, 1613-1620.
Matsumoto Castle in Nagano Prefecture
Terakoya, private educational school for girls
Wadokei, Japanese-made clockwatch, 18th century.
Kaitai Shinsho, Japan's first treatise on Western anatomy, published in 1774.
The Great Wave off Kanagawa by Katsushika Hokusai (1760–1849).
In the Edo period, Japan developed very much economically, and accumulation of the capital became the driving force of the economic development after the Meiji Restoration.
Because many daimyos stayed at the inn along the highway by daimyo's alternate-year residence in Tokyo, the circulation of the economy became active.
And due to the stable economy, Japanese special culture such as Nou or Kabuki or Ukiyoe had also developed very well.
The Shogunate instituted a foreign policy of isolationism.
Therefore trade relations carried out by the Shogunate are only Shin (清, Shin) in Nagasaki, and the Netherland in Dejima.