Edo period

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Edo period (江戸時代, Edo-jidai), also called the Tokugawa period (徳川時代 Tokugawa-jidai), is the time between 1600 and 1868 in the history of Japan.[1] During this long time Japanese society was ruled by the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional feudal lords. These years come after the Azuchi-Momoyama period and before the Meiji Restoration and the development of modern Japan.[2] The Tokugawa shogunate was established at Edo in 1603 by the shogunTokugawa Ieyasu.[3] The period was marked by the influence of neo-Confucianism and Shinto.[4] The 15th and last shogun was Tokugawa Yoshinobu.[5] The period ended with the Meiji Restoration, which was the restoration of imperial rule. The Edo period is also known as the beginning of the early modern period of Japan.[6]


In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara establishes a context for the next two centuries. Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats a coalition of daimyo and establishes hegemony over most of Japan.[7]

In 1868, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns, the Tokugawa shogunate ends. This marks the end of the Edo period. Emperor Meiji establishes his Imperial capital in Edo, which is renamed Tokyo ("eastern capital").[20]


Economy Trade Diplomacy

In the Edo period, Japan developed very much economically, and accumulation of the capital became the driving force of the economic development after the Meiji Restoration.

Because many daimyos stayed at the inn along the highway by daimyo's alternate-year residence in Tokyo, the circulation of the economy became active.

And due to the stable economy, Japanese special culture such as Nou or Kabuki or Ukiyoe had also developed very well.

The Shogunate instituted a foreign policy of isolationism.

Therefore trade relations carried out by the Shogunate are only Shin (, Shin) in Nagasaki, and the Netherland in Dejima.

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. 2005. "Edo-jidai," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 167.
  2. Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan (LOC), "Tokugawa Period"; retrieved 2012-5-1.
  3. Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, pp. 160-164.
  4. Hall, pp. 181-185.
  5. Hall, pp. 262-264.
  6. Hall, pp. 265-272.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Hall, p. 359.
  8. "Japan, Spain to Seek UNESCO Heritage Ratification," Yomiuri Shimbun. October 18, 2011; retrieved 2011-11-17; note that Keichō means the Japanese era name (nengō) for the years from 1596 through 1615.
  9. Titsingh, p. 410.
  10. Shizuoka University website: 宝永四年(1707)噴火 (Japanese); Titsingh, Isaac.. (1834). Annales des empereurs du jpaon, p. 416.; retrieved 2011-12-12.
  11. Nussbaum, "Kaitai shinsho" at p. 167.
  12. Nussbaum, "Matsudaira Sadanobu" at p. 617; Hall, p. 360.
  13. Nussbaum, "Laxman, Adam Erikovitch" at p. 593; Hall, p. 360.
  14. Nussbaum, "Rezanov, Nikolai Petrovich" at p. 788.
  15. Nussbaum, "Ōshio Heihachirō" at p. 761.
  16. Nussbaum, "Ikuta Yorozu" at p. 382.
  17. Nussbaum, "Tempō no Kikin" at p. 957; Hall, p. 360.
  18. Sewall, John. (1905). The Logbook of the Captain's Clerk: Adventures in the China Seas, p. lxiv; Cullen, Louis M. (2003). A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds, p. 178 n11.
  19. Nussbaum, "Shimonoseki" at p. 862.
  20. Hall, p. 360.

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