East Flanders

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East Flanders (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.
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Province of Belgium
Historical centre of Ghent
Flag
Coat of arms

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Country 23x15px Belgium Region Template:Country data Flemish Region Capital Ghent  - coordinates Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Highest point Hotondberg  - location Kluisbergen, Oudenaarde, East Flanders  - elevation 150 m (492 ft) Area 2,991 km² (1,155 sq mi) Population 1,486,722 (1 January 2016) [1] Density 497 /km² (1,287 /sq mi) Subdivisions 6 Arrondissements
65 Municipalities Governor Jan Briers Timezone CET (UTC+1)  - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal codes 9000–9999 ISO 3166-2 BE-VOV <tr><td colspan="2">
Location of the East Flanders province

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Website: Official site

East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen, Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., German: Ostflandern) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium.

Its capital, and also the largest city of the province, is Ghent (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.).

Name

East in East Flanders means that it is in eastern part of Flanders, a region that forms part of the present Belgium. The word Flanders refers to the historic county of Flanders and appears for the first time in the year 358 under the name pagus Flandrensis[2] (pagus is a Latin word meaning a very small town, with only few houses).

The pagus Flandrensis region was a coastal area with large tidal channels and green marshes where sheep farmers lived.[2]

The modern province of East Flanders was the old Escaut department, created in 1795 during the First French Empire in the eastern part of the County[N 1] of Flanders.

In 1815, during the creation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the department became the province of East Flanders.

Geography

East Flanders borders (clockwise from the North) on the Netherlands and in Belgium on the provinces of Antwerp, Flemish Brabant (both in Flanders), of Hainaut (Wallonia) and of West Flanders (Flanders).

The province has an area of 2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi) with a population of 1,486,722[1] and a density of 497.1 inhabitants per km².

The capital and biggest city is Ghent, also the second largest city in the Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are Aalst, Sint-Niklaas and Dendermonde in the east of the province.

Its highest point is Hotondberg, 150 m (492 ft) high, in the municipality of Kluisbergen, Oudenaarde district.

The main river in the province is the Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.); it merges with the Leie in Ghent. The Dender flows into the Scheldt in the city of Dendermonde.

Administrative divisions

The province of Hainaut is divided into six arrondissements (Aalst, Dendermonde, Eeklo, Ghent, Oudenaarde and Sint-Niklaas) and a total of 65 municipalities.

File:Oost-VlaanderenGemeenten.png
Map of the municipalities of Hainaut
(names are in the following table)
Municipalities by arrondissements, with their numbers in the map
Aalst Dendermonde Eeklo
170px 170px 170px
Ghent Oudenaarde Sint-Niklaas
170px 170px 170px

Population by arrondissement

Population on 1 January of each year.[3]

Arrondissement 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012[1]
Aalst 267,274 269,489 271,466 273,544 276,550 278,667
Dendermonde 189,638 190,338 191,527 192,521 194,015 195,358
Eeklo 80,547 80,864 81,422 81,921 82,458 82,791
Ghent 512,407 516,609 521,796 527,248 533,178 535,904
Oudenaarde 117,125 118,101 119,140 119,995 120,533 121,199
Sint-Niklaas 231,262 233,083 235,064 237,097 239,097 240,797
Province of East Flanders 1,398,253 1,408,484 1,420,415 1,432,326 1,445,831 1,454,716

Notes

  1. In this case "county" (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) means "land under a count (the British earl)."

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Population per municipality as of 1 January 2016 (XLS; 397 KB)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Vanwaar kom de naam Vlaanderen en wat was de naam daarvoor?". Ik heb een vraag (in Dutch). Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  3. Institut National de Statistique - Direction générale Statistique et Information économique

Other websites