Dunkirk

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File:LocatieDuinkerke.PNG
Location of Dunkirk in the arrondissement of Dunkirk.
File:Digue de Dunkerque.jpg
Dunkirk's seafront.

Dunkirk (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"., pronounced /dœ̃kɛʀk/ or /dɛ̃kɛʀk/; Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".) is a harbour city in the northernmost part of France, 10 km (6 mi) from the Belgian border.

The population of the whole metropolitan area was of 265,974 at the 1999 census.

Until the middle of the 20th century the city was in the Dutch language area; today the local Dutch dialect still can be heard but has largely given way to French.

History

Dunkirk was first mentioned in 1067 as Dunkerk (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".).

In World War II, heavy fighting took place around Dunkirk during the German invasion in 1940 (Battle of Dunkirk), but a lull in the action unexpectedly allowed a large number of French and British soldiers to escape to England. The British evacuation of Dunkirk through the English Channel was codenamed Operation Dynamo. During the war, Dunkirk was largely destroyed by bombing.

Postwar Dunkirk

File:Carnaval dunkerque.jpg
Carnival in Dunkirk.

On 14 December 2002, the Norwegian auto carrier Tricolor collided with the Bahamian-registered Kariba and sank off Dunkirk harbour, causing a hazard to navigation in the English Channel.

Economy

Dunkirk has the third largest harbour in France, after those of Le Havre and Marseille. It is also an industrial city, heavily dependent on the steel, food processing, oil refining, ship building and chemical industries.

Tourist attractions

  • The Musée Portuaire hosts exhibits images about the history and presence of the port.
  • The Musée des Beaux-Arts has a large collection of Flemish, Italian and French paintings and sculptures.
  • The Carnival of Dunkirk

Miscellaneous

Transport

Dunkirk has a ferry connection with Dover in England.

Twin towns

Dunkirk is twinned with:

Dunkirk has cooperation agreements with:

Other websites

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