Duchy of Saxe-Gotha

Duchy of Saxe-Gotha

Herzogtum Sachsen-Gotha
15531572
16401680
Thuringia, showing the combined territory of Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg, before it was again divided (1672 – 80)
Thuringia, showing the combined territory of Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg, before it was again divided (167280)
StatusTemplate:Infobox country/status text
CapitalGotha
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
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ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
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Saxe-Gotha (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) was a state in today's Thuringia, Germany.

It was created in 1640 for Duke Ernest I and ended in 1680 when his lands were divided after his death in 1675. The area around Gotha passed to Ernest's eldest surviving son, Frederick of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, who also inherited Altenburg (which Ernest had inherited through his wife Elisabeth Sophie) and became Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Dukes of Saxe-Gotha

When the house of Saxe-Gotha and Altenburg became extinct in 1825, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was split. Saxe-Gotha passed to the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld who in turn gave Saalfeld to Saxe-Meiningen. The Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen became Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and gave Saxe-Hildburghausen to Saxe-Meiningen.

After the abolition of German monarchies at the end of the First World War it became a part of the newly created state of Thuringia in 1920.

References