Commonwealth of Dominica

Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Motto: "Après Bondie, C'est La Ter"  (Antillean Creole)
"After God is the Earth"
"Après le Bon Dieu, c'est la Terre"
Location of Dominica
and largest city
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Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languagesDominican Creole French
Ethnic groups
Black 86.8%
Mixed 8.9%
Carib Amerindian 2.9%
White 0.8%
Other 0.7%[1]
GovernmentParliamentary republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
Template:Infobox country/multirow
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (184th)
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
72,660 (195th)
• 2011 census
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (95th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$977 million[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$489 million[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2007)Increase 0.724
high · 73rd
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC–4 (Eastern Caribbean)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-767
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
  1. Rank based on 2005 UN estimate.

The Commonwealth of Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is an English-speaking country[4]. It is located between the French-speaking territories of Guadeloupe and Martinique. The island measures 751 km² (290 mi²) in area. Roseau is its capital. Portsmouth is another main town. Almost 70,000 people live on the island.

The currency of the island is the East Caribbean dollar.

The island's name comes from the Latin for Sunday, Dies Dominica. It is not to be confused with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic in the Greater Antilles.

The country is nicknamed the Nature Island of the Caribbean.

Dominica is most famously depicted in Jean Rhys' classic prequel to Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea.


Dominica was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. In 1763, it became a territory of the United Kingdom from which its independence was received on 3 November 1978.

In August 1979, Hurricane David, wiped out its entire infrastructure. On 21 November 2004, the island was hit by its most destructive earthquake in history; Portsmouth and the northern area were deeply affected.

On 18 September 2018, Hurricane Maria, the most powerful storm to hit the island, severely damaged its infrastructure and cut off all its communications to the outside world. The Assessment Capacities Project estimates that the hurricane has caused $1.37 billion in losses across the island, which is equal to 226 percent of its 2016 GDP. As of April 12, there are 65 fatalities confirmed across the island, including 34 who are missing and presumed to be dead.[5]

In 1980, Dame Eugenia Charles became its prime minister, the first female government leader in the West Indies.


Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is the northernmost of the Windward Islands.

Dominica is largely covered by rainforest. It is home to the world's second-largest hot spring, Boiling Lake.[6]

Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a tropical forest with scenic volcanic features. It was recognised as a World Heritage Site on 4 April 1995.[7]

Related pages


  1. Dominica Ethnic groups 2001 Census
  2. "Office of the President". Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
  4. The Commonwealth Website
  5. "Hurricane Maria" (in en). Wikipedia. 2018-11-03. 
  6. "Disaster Officials Issue Warning as Things Cool Down At Dominica's Boiling Lake". Caribbean 360. November 22, 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. "Morne Trois Pitons National Park by World Heritage Sites". Retrieved 16 December 2016.

Other websites