Democratic Party (United States)

Democratic Party
ChairpersonTom Perez (NY)
SecretaryJason Rae (WI)
Speaker of the HouseNancy Pelosi (CA)
Senate leaderMinority Leader
Chuck Schumer (NY)
House leaderMajority Leader
Steny Hoyer (MD)
FounderThomas Jefferson
James Madison
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
IdeologySocial democracy
Social liberalism
Democratic socialism

The U.S. Democratic Party is one of the two biggest political parties in the United States. The other is the Republican Party. The U.S. also has several smaller political parties known as third parties. Supporters of this party are known as Democrats.

Every four years the party holds a National Convention where they agree on their candidate for President. The Democratic National Committee coordinates most of the activities of the Democratic Party in all 50 United States. There have been 15 Democratic presidents, the most recent being Barack Obama, who was President from 2009 to 2017. The Democratic Party represents a broad spectrum of leftist ideologies, including classic liberalism, social democracy, progressivism, and socialism.

Philosophy and role in government

Democrats, also sometimes called 'the left', 'liberals' or 'progressives' make up one of the two main political parties in the United States. A mostly Democratic state is sometimes called a 'blue state'. This comes from the party’s main color, which is blue, referring to a state supporting ‘blue’ candidates.

Democrats believe in a strong government with social assistance programs to help members of society. They prefer diplomatic solutions to conflicts, and take a generally protectionist view on trade, believing that trade must be regulated to protect American workers.

Socially, most Democrats believe in social liberalism, taking pro-immigration, pro-gay marriage, and pro-choice views.

Democratic beliefs

Generally Democrats support:

  • Progressive income tax, increasing overall tax income
  • Higher corporate taxes and recapturing income from overseas profits
  • Expanding spending on government programs
  • Spending on business, education, infrastructure, clean-energy
  • Expanding rights to Abortion
  • Restrictions of weapons use and potentially dangerous users through government oversight
  • Universal healthcare
  • Regulating business and the economy
  • Same-sex marriage

Most support for Democrats comes from states in the Northeast, Northwest and Pacific Coast areas of the USA, but there are Democrats elected to office in all other states too.


The symbol of the Democratic Party is the Donkey. Since the election of 2000, the color blue has become a symbol for Democrats.[source?]

Historically, Thomas Jefferson, whom the party claims as it founder, has been often seen as symbols of the Democratic Party, particularly emphasized in the annual celebrations of Jefferson Day Dinners held since the days of Andrew Jackson. As such, the Democratic Party is also often referred to as the “Party of Jefferson.”

Democratic Presidents

File:Andrew Jackson.jpg
President Andrew Jackson
Presidents during the 19th century
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President Franklin Roosevelt
Presidents during the 20th century
File:President Barack Obama.jpg
President Barack Obama
Presidents during the 21st century

Other famous Democratic Politicians

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Vice President Joe Biden
File:Daniel Inouye.jpg
Former senator Daniel Inouye
File:Bernie Sanders.jpg
Senator Bernie Sanders

Independents who side with Democrats

Former Democrats

Related pages


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