Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia

Československo
1918–1992
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Motto: Czech: Pravda vítězí
("Truth prevails"; 1918-1989)
Latin: Veritas Vincit
("Truth prevails"; 1989-1992)
Location of Czechoslovakia
CapitalPrague
Common languagesCzech, Slovak
GovernmentRepublic
President 
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Prime Minister 
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History 
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Area
1993127,900 km2 (49,400 sq mi)
Population
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CurrencyCzechoslovak koruna
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
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Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia[1] (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Československo/after 1990 Česko-Slovensko) was a country in Europe. It split off from Austria-Hungary in 1918 and split apart in 1993.

In mid 1938 Nazi Germany took over Czechoslovakia and split off Slovakia. After World War II the USSR kept part of eastern Czechoslovakia so that they could have a border with Hungary. The USSR also kept parts of Poland and Romania. All four of these countries were in the USSR's sphere of influence. The USSR thought that this meant they could make sure the countries did what they wanted. In 1968 the USSR thought that the government of Alexander Dubcek was moving away from communism and leaving the Warsaw Pact, and invaded Czechoslovakia.

In 1989 Czechoslovakia peacefully removed the Communist dictatorship in the Velvet Revolution.

On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Both countries separated in peace.

Official names



References

  1. "THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS".
  2. Votruba, Martin. "Czecho-Slovakia or Czechoslovakia". Slovak Studies Program. University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2009.