Colorado

State of Colorado
Flag of Colorado State seal of Colorado
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
Motto(s): Nil sine numine
(English: Nothing without providence)
State song(s): "Where the Columbines Grow" and "Rocky Mountain High[1]"
Official languageEnglish
DemonymColoradan
Capital
(and largest city)
Denver
Largest metroDenver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MSA
AreaRanked 8th
 • Total104,094 sq mi
(269,837 km2)
 • Width280 miles (450 km)
 • Length380 miles (610 km)
 • % water0.36%
 • Latitude37°N to 41°N
 • Longitude102°02'48"W to 109°02'48"W
PopulationRanked 21st
 • Total5,695,564 (2018 est.)[2]
 • Density52.0/sq mi  (19.9/km2)
Ranked 37th
 • Median household income$70,566[3] (8th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMount Elbert[4][5][6][7] in Lake County
14,440 ft (4401.2 m)
 • Mean6,800 ft  (2070 m)
 • Lowest pointArikaree River[5][6] at the Kansas border
3,317 ft (1011 m)
Admission to UnionAugust 1, 1876[8] (38th)
GovernorJared Polis (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMichael Bennet (D)
Cory Gardner (R)
U.S. House delegation4 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Time zoneMountain Time Zone: UTC−7/UTC−6
ISO 3166US-CO
AbbreviationsCO
Websitewww.colorado.gov

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". Colorado is a state located in the western United States. Its capital and largest city is Denver. Other large cities include Colorado Springs and Aurora. Colorado became the 38th state admitted to the union on August 1, 1876.

History

The state was named after the Colorado River by Spanish explorers. US Army officer and amateur explorer Zebulon Pike was recruited by the United States government in 1806 to locate the source of the Mississippi River and to check out Spanish settlements in New Mexico.[9] Even though his recorded location for the source of the Mississippi was extremely inaccurate and allegedly got lost in his expedition, he did explore much of what would become the American Southwest. When he reached what is now Colorado Springs, he named a mountain after himself, Pikes Peak, which remains a symbol for the city as well as the state to this day. Colorado has a long history of mining and digging for gold. It is the place where the Pike's Peak Gold Rush took place. When gold in California was becoming harder and harder to find, people came to Colorado in large numbers when gold was discovered there in 1859, ten years after the California Gold Rush began. Many mining camps set up in Colorado would later become cities, such as Denver City and Boulder City. The motto for the gold rush was "Pike's Peak or Bust". In 1971, the Libertarian Party was formed in the state.

Geography

The State of Colorado is shaped like a rectangle. The borders are latitude and longitude lines. The four borders are at 37°N, 41°N, 102°03'W, and 109°03'W. (The east and west borders are 25°W and 32°W from the Washington Meridian.) Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only three U.S. states that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries and that have no natural borders. When government surveyors made the border markers for the "Territory of Colorado", minor surveying mistakes made many small kinks along the borders, most seen along the border with the "Territory of Utah."

The tip of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet (4,401 m) elevation in Lake County is the state's highest point and the highest point in the entire Rocky Mountains. Colorado has more than 100 mountain peaks that reach over 4,000 meters (13,123 ft) in height. Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in height. Colorado has the highest average elevation of any state at 6,800 ft.[10] It borders New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming.

The land area of Colorado is roughly the same size as New Zealand.[11]

Climate

The weather and temperatures in Colorado are quite different compared to most of the United States. In most other states, the southern part is warmer than the northern part, southern Colorado is not noticeably warmer than northern Colorado. Mountains and surrounding valleys greatly affect local climate. As a normal rule, with an increase in height comes a decrease in temperature and an increase in rain. There exists a phenomenally severe change in climate in Colorado between the Rocky Mountains on the west and the Great Plains on the east, both of which are separated by a lesser range known to Colorado citizens and primarily Boulderites as "the Foothills".

Population

File:Colorado population map.png
A population density map of Colorado

The state's largest city, and capital, is Denver. The "Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area", is home to 2,927,911 people, it has more than two-thirds of the state's population.

As of 2005, Colorado has an estimated population of 4,665,177, which is an increase of 63,356, or 1.4%, from the last year and an increase of 363,162, or 8.4%, since the year 2000. This has a natural increase since the last census of 205,321 people (that is 353,091 births minus 147,770 deaths) and an increase because of migration of 159,957 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States makes a net increase of 112,217 people, and migration within the country made a net increase of 47,740 people.

Religion

File:Colorado Rocky Mtn Church.jpg
The Chapel on the Rock at Camp Saint Malo near Allenspark.

Colorado's most common religion is Christianity, and its most common denomination is Catholicism. Colorado, and mostly the city of Colorado Springs, serves as the headquarters of many Christian groups, many of them Evangelical. "Focus on the Family" is a big conservative Christian organization headquartered in Colorado Springs.

Major religious affiliations of the people of Colorado are:

Economy

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the total state product in 2007 was $236 billion. Per capita personal income in 2007 was $41,192, ranking Colorado eleventh in the United States. Early companies were based on the extraction and getting minerals and agricultural things. Today's agricultural things are cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, and hay. On January 1 2014 Colorado became the first state to make marijuana legal.[12] In the first week of this $5 million of marijuana was sold.[13] The marijuana industry is expected to make Colorado's economy $359 million by the end of 2014.[14]

Related pages

References

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

  1. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  2. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  3. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  4. "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=KL0637. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. The summit of Mount Elbert is the highest point of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
  8. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  9. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  10. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  11. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  12. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  13. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  14. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".