|Map of Japan with Chiba highlighted|
|Area (rank)||5,156.15 km² (27th)|
|- % water||0.8%|
|- Population||6,122,000 (6th)|
|- Density||1,187 /km²|
|- Flower||Rape blossom|
|- Bird||Meadow Bunting|
| Symbol of Chiba Prefecture|
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
|Template ■ Discussion|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Culture
- 5 Sports
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Prefectural symbols
- 9 Shrines and Temples
- 10 Related pages
- 11 References
- 12 Other websites
Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Bōsō Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keeps it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.
There are thirty-six cities in Chiba Prefecture:
‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
National Parks are established in about 6% of the total land area of the prefecture.
Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas because it has a long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government started a very large land reclamation program. They filled in the water areas to make large, new waterfront properties for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today; together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.
Chiba also has the second-highest farming output in Japan. Only Hokkaidō produces more farm products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production. Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.
Chiba in popular culture
- Novels set in Chiba include: Neuromancer by William Gibson (set in Chiba city), Ningen Shikkaku by Osamu Dazai (Funabashi), and Nogiku no Haka by Sachio Itō (Matsudo).
- Manga include: Be Free!, Ah! Megamisama,Chameleon, Kyō Kara Ore Wa!!, Makuhari (set in Chiba city), Makuhari Saboten Campus (Chiba city), Susume!! Pirates, and Urayasu Tekkin Kazoku (Urayasu).
- Anime include: Chikyū Bōei Kazoku (set in Funabashi), Battle Programmer Shirase (Narashino), and Zegapain (Urayasu).
- TV programs include: Kisarazu Cat's Eye (set in Kisarazu), Mio Tsukushi (Chōshi), Beach Boys (filmed in Tateyama and Shirahama (now Minamiboso) and Yappari Neko ga Suki (Chiba city).
- Many rock bands started in Chiba, including the popular X Japan, Plastic Tree, girugamesh and punk bands like Nicotine and Ellegarden.
- Aiba Masaki of Arashi, Yamashita Tomohisa of NEWS, Tanaka Koki and Akanishi Jin of KAT-TUN, Ryo, Satoshi, Ni and ShuU Girugamesh, Tsugunaga Momoko of Berryz Kobo and Arioka Daiki of Hey! Say! JUMP are all from the Chiba Prefecture.
These sports teams are based in Chiba.
Most Tokyo-bound visitors going to Tokyo arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.
- East Japan Railway Company
Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines; the main ones are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.
Shrines and Temples
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chiba prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 109.
- Nussbaum, "Chiba" at p. 109.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
- Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Retrieved 2012-3-13.
- "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2. Retrieved 2012-3-14.
- Official Chiba Prefecture website (English)
- Chiba Information Guide (English)
- Japan Statistical yearbook (English)