Cher (department)

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Plain text' not found.Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". Cher is a department in the centre of France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Cher river, the most important river in the department.

Its prefecture is Bourges.

History

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Berry.

The new department had seven districts: Aubigny, Sancerre, Sancoins, Saint-Amand, Châteaumeillant, Bourges and Vierzon. The capital (now prefecture) was Bourges.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into three arrondissements: Bourges, Saint-Amand-Mont-Rond and Sancerre.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Sancerre was eliminated. In 1984, a new arrondissement was created: Vierzon.[3]

Geography

Cher is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..[2]

The highest point of the department is Le Magnoux (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".), in the south end of the department in the commune of Préveranges, and that is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". above sea level.[4]

The department is bordered by 6 departments in 4 regions:

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The main rivers are:

  • Cher, a left tributary of the Loire; it is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". long. The department is named after this river.
  • Allier, also a left tributary of the Loire; it is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". long.
  • Indre, also a left tributary of the Loire; it is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". long.
  • Sauldre, a right tributary of the Cher; it is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". long.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Bourges is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Bourges is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The month with the most precipitation on average is November with Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

The average temperature for the year in Bourges is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Cher in Bourges. Cher is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 290 communes (municipalities) in Cher.[6]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2014)
Area[8]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
181 Bourges Bourges 173,889 2,797.8 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 131
182 Saint-Amand-Montrond Saint-Amand-Montrond 65,145 2,669.8 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 116
183 Vierzon Vierzon 71,236 1,767.4 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 43

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

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  1. Aubigny-sur-Nère (1801)
  2. Avord (1802)
  3. Bourges-1 (1803)
  4. Bourges-2 (1804)
  5. Bourges-3 (1805)
  6. Bourges-4 (1806)
  7. Chârost (1807)
  8. Châteaumeillant (1808)
  9. Dun-sur-Auron (1809)
  10. La Guerche-sur-l'Aubois (1810)
  11. Mehun-sur-Yèvre (1811)
  12. Saint-Amand-Montrond (1812)
  13. Saint-Doulchard (1813)
  14. Saint-Germain-du-Puy (1814)
  15. Saint-Martin-d'Auxigny (1815)
  16. Sancerre (1816)
  17. Trouy (1817)
  18. Vierzon-1 (1818)
  19. Vierzon-2 (1819)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Cher are known, in French, as Chériens (women: Chériennes) or Berrichons (women: Berrichonnes).[10]

Cher has a population, in 2014, of 310,270,[11] for a population density of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Bourges, with 173,889 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[7]

Evolution of the population in Cher <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:350000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 304601
bar:1975 from:0 till: 316350
bar:1982 from:0 till: 320174
bar:1990 from:0 till: 321559
bar:1999 from:0 till: 314428
bar:2006 from:0 till: 314676
bar:2014 from:0 till: 310270

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 304601 fontsize:S text: 304,601 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 316350 fontsize:S text: 316,350 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 320174 fontsize:S text: 320,174 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 321559 fontsize:S text: 321,559 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 314428 fontsize:S text: 314,428 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 314676 fontsize:S text: 314,676 shift:(-18,10)
bar:2014 at: 310270 fontsize:S text: 310,270 shift:(-18,10)

</timeline>

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[7]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Bourges 66,528 Bourges
Vierzon 27,050 Vierzon
Saint-Amand-Montrond 10,161 Saint-Amand-Montrond
Saint-Doulchard 9,363 Bourges
Mehun-sur-Yèvre 6,717 Vierzon
Saint-Florent-sur-Cher 6,616 Bourges
Aubigny-sur-Nère 5,560 Vierzon
Saint-Germain-du-Puy 5,063 Bourges
Dun-sur-Auron 3,948 Saint-Amand-Montrond
Trouy 3,917 Bourges

Gallery

References

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Related pages

Other websites

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