Charles III of Spain

Charles III
File:Charles III of Spain high resolution.jpg
King of Spain
Reign10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788
PredecessorFerdinand VI
SuccessorCharles IV
King of Naples and Sicily
Reign1 December 1734 – 10 August 1759
PredecessorCharles VI & IV
SuccessorFerdinand IV & III
Duke of Parma and Piacenza
Reign22 July 1731 – 1 December 1734
PredecessorAntonio Farnese
SuccessorCharles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Born20 January 1716
Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died14 December 1788(1788-12-14) (aged 72)
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
BurialEl Escorial
SpouseMaria Amalia of Saxony
Infanta Maria Josefa
Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress
Infante Philip, Duke of Calabria
Charles IV, King of Spain
Ferdinando, King of the Two Sicilies
Infante Gabriel
Infante Antonio Pascual
Full name
Carlos de Borbón y Farnesio
HouseHouse of Bourbon
FatherPhilip V of Spain
MotherElisabeth Farnese
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Charles III of Spain (1716-1788) was a king of Spain and the oldest son of Philip V and Elisabeth Farnese. He ruled Spain from 1759 until his death in 1788. After he died, his son, Charles IV of Spain, became king. He was also the king of Naples and Sicily from 1734 until 1759. In those places he was known as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. He was the builder of the Palace of Caserta as well as the Royal Palace of Madrid.

Charles III grew up in Madrid. When he was 16 years old, he went to live in Parma, a city in Italy. He ruled that city, and the nearby city of Piacenza as their Duke from 1731 until 1734. In 1738 he married the Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony. They had 13 children. Only 8 of them lived to be adults.