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The City of a Thousand Minarets
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Country23x15px Egypt
Founded969 CE
Founded byFatimid dynasty
 • GovernorAtef Abd El Hamid[1]
 • MetropolisTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
 • Metro
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 • Metropolis19,500,000
 • DensityTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
 • Urban
 • Metro
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Area code(s)(+20) 2
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File:Kairo 001.jpg
The town center of Cairo, seen from the Cairo tower.
A map of Egypt. Cairo is the light green spot.

Cairo (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., usually transliterated as Al-Qāhirah) is a city in Egypt. The city name can be translated as the one who won. Cairo is sometimes called "Mother of the World" (Um al Dunya).[2]

The city is the capital and largest city in Egypt.

Cairo has 7,947,121 people. About 17,290,000 people live in its urban area. This makes it the biggest city of the Arab World.[3] It also is the city with the biggest urban area in Africa

The city is on the Nile River.



The city of Cairo has a hot desert climate (BWh), meaning it has a hot, sunny and dry climate a year long. The city, however, has more humidity than other cities with the hot desert climate (BWh).

Climate data for Cairo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN) (1971–2000),[4][5]


The area around the city was an important focal point of Ancient Egypt.

In 968, the Fatimids entered Egypt and they made Cairo the capital of their caliphate.[6]

The Al Azhar mosque and university was made in 972. This became the world's oldest university. It is the most widely known seminary in the Islamic world.[2]

In 1992, Cairo was devastated by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake that caused 545 deaths, injuring 6,512, and made 50,000 people homeless, the most destructive since 1847.


The great pyramids of Giza and the step pyramid of Sakkara are just outside of the city.[2]

The Egyptian Museum holds the world’s largest collection of antiquities from the time of the ancient Pharaohs. Many treasures from the tomb of King Tutankhamun are in this museum.[2]

Famous Cairenes

People from Cairo are called 'Cairenes'.


  1. "محافظ القاهرة يرفض تطوير المستثمرين الحدائق.. ويؤكد: "هيسحلوا الغلابة"". Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hedges, Chris. "What's Doing in Cairo," New York Times. January 8, 1995.
  3. Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, April 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009
  4. "Weather Information for Cairo". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
  5. "Cairo (A) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
  6. Beeson, Irene. "Cairo, a Millennial," Saudi Aramco World. September/October 1969, pp. 24, 26-30.


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