Côte-d'Or

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Its prefecture (capital) is the city of Dijon. The inhabitants of the department are called Costaloriens (women:Costaloriennes) or Côte-d'Oriens (women:Côte d'Oriennes).[1]

History

Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Dijon, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[2]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[2]

Origin of name

File:Vignoble Morey Saint Denis.JPG
Morey-Saint-Denis in autumn. The department is named after this kind of landscape.

Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.[3]

The French word côte means, in this case, a slope that geologists usually name with the Spanish word cuesta.

Geography

Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. The department borders with 7 departments that are part of 2 regions:

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The department has an area of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..[4] The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".), Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". high;[5] it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.

A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.

Rivers

The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[7]

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The month with the most precipitation on average is October with Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..[7]

In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of Côte-d'Or in Dijon. Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 704 communes (municipalities) in Côte-d'Or.[8]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[9]
(2014)
Area[10]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
211 Beaune Beaune 97,107 2,118.3 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 223
212 Dijon Dijon 373,574 3,049.0 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 228
213 Montbard Montbard 60,699 3,595.9 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 253

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Côte-d'Or department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[11]

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  1. Arnay-le-Duc (2101)
  2. Auxonne (2102)
  3. Beaune (2103)
  4. Brazey-en-Plaine (2104)
  5. Châtillon-sur-Seine (2105)
  6. Chenôve (2106)
  7. Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur (2107)
  8. Dijon-1 (2108)
  9. Dijon-2 (2109)
  10. Dijon-3 (2110)
  11. Dijon-4 (2111)
  12. Dijon-5 (2112)
  13. Dijon-6 (2113)
  14. Fontaine-lès-Dijon (2114)
  15. Genlis (2115)
  16. Is-sur-Tille (2116)
  17. Ladoix-Serrigny (2117)
  18. Longvic (2118)
  19. Montbard (2119)
  20. Nuits-Saint-Georges (2120)
  21. Saint-Apollinaire (2121)
  22. Semur-en-Auxois (2122)
  23. Talant (2123)

Demographics

Côte d'Or has a population, in 2014, of 531,380,[12] for a population density of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 373,574 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,107 and 60,699 inhabitants.[9]

Evolution of the population in Côte-d'Or <timeline> Colors=

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BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 421192
bar:1975 from:0 till: 456070
bar:1982 from:0 till: 473548
bar:1990 from:0 till: 493866
bar:1999 from:0 till: 506755
bar:2006 from:0 till: 517168
bar:2014 from:0 till: 531380

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 421192 fontsize:S text: 421,192 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 456070 fontsize:S text: 456,070 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 473548 fontsize:S text: 473,548 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 493866 fontsize:S text: 493,866 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 506755 fontsize:S text: 506,755 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 517168 fontsize:S text: 517,168 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 531380 fontsize:S text: 531,380 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[9]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Dijon 153,668 Dijon
Beaune 21,579 Beaune
Chenôve 14,165 Dijon
Talant 11,346 Dijon
Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur 11,097 Dijon
Quetigny 9,675 Dijon
Fontaine-lès-Dijon 8,968 Dijon
Longvic 8,959 Dijon
Auxonne 7,835 Dijon
Saint-Apollinaire 7,353 Dijon

Gallery

Related pages

References

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Other websites

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