A diagram showing how buoyancy works.

In physics, buoyancy (pronounced /ˈbɔɪ.ənsi/) is a force on an object making that object rise or move upward. It comes from the Spanish word for "float", boyar. Buoyancy is made by the difference in pressure put on the object by the Fluid or air that the object is in.

The net upward buoyancy force is equal to the magnitude of the weight of fluid that is displaced by the body. This force enables the object to float or at least to seem lighter. Buoyancy is important for many vehicles such as boats, ships, balloons, and blimps.


If the object has exactly the same density as the liquid, then its buoyancy is the same as its weight. It will not sink or float.

An object with a higher average density than the fluid has less buoyancy than weight and it will sink. That is why pebbles do not float.

Although a ship is made of steel which is more dense than water,it floats because it encloses a volume of air and the resulting shape has an average density less than that of the water.

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