Bun'ei (文永) was a Japanese era (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōchō and before Kenji. This period started in February 1264 and ended in April 1275. During this time, the emperors were Kameyama-tennō (亀山天皇) and Go-Uda-tennō (後宇多天皇).
Events of the Bun'ei era
- 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 3rd month): Emperor Go-Uda became the monarch of Japan. The retired Emperor Kameyama continued to be important and powerful.
- 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 10th month): Former Emperor Go-Fukakusa's son Hirohito-shinnō was named Crown Prince and heir to Emperor Go-Uda. Hirohito and Go-Uda were first cousins.
- 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Kublai Khan sent a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces are landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. However, a storm sank many of the ships. The major part of the invading army was drowned. The invaders retreated to Korea. During the brief fighting, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground. This 1274 event was called Bun'ei no eki.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bun'ei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 90.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 253-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 232-233.
- Titsingh, p. 261; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後嵯峨天皇 (88); retrieved 2012-5-16.
- Titsingh, p. 261; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Titsingh, p. 262.
- This was called insei or "cloistered rule".
- Titsingh, p. 262, 270.
- Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
- Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400, p. 66.
- Nussbaum, "Bun'ei no eki" at p. 90.
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