Avro 683 Lancaster

Avro 683 Lancaster
Role Bomber
Manufacturer Avro
First flight 9 January 1941
Primary user Royal Air Force
Number built 7.378
Developed from Avro 679

Avro 683 Lancaster was developed out of Avro 679 Manchester. It was the most used RAF bomber in the Second World War. The changes made on Avro 679, like four Rolls-Royce Merlin X instead of two powerplants and longer wings, have led to the new name Avro 683. Royal Air Force ordered 1070 pieces of this airplane. After the success on the war places, Avro sold the production licence to other companies. One of those was Packard, who bought the licence for powerplant production and improved them. The variant with the most produced pieces was Avro 683 B I, a plane which was the base of RAF Bomber Command at that time.

File:Avro Lancaster.png
Drawing of Avro 683

Technical data (Lancaster B I)

Data Units
Years of production 1941-1946
Manufacturer Avro
Wingspan 31 m
Length 21,10 m
Hight 6,10 m
Wing area 120,50 m²
Weight (empty) 16.740 kg
Max takeoff weight 31.750 kg
Passengers -
Crew 7
Speed 462 km/h
Service ceiling 7.470 m
Range 4.070 km
Powerplant 4*Rolls-Royce Merlin X

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