Arkansas

State of Arkansas
Flag of Arkansas State seal of Arkansas
Flag Great Seal
Nickname(s):
The Natural State (current)
The Bear State (former)
Motto(s): Regnat populus (Latin: The People Rule)
State song(s): "Arkansas", "Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me)", "Oh, Arkansas", and "The Arkansas Traveler"
Official languageEnglish
DemonymArkansan
Arkansawyer
Arkanite
[1]
Capital
(and largest city)
Little Rock
Largest metroCentral Arkansas
AreaRanked 29th
 • Total53,180 sq mi
(137,733 km2)
 • Width270 miles (435 km)
 • Length240 miles (386 km)
 • % water2.09
 • Latitude33° 00′ N to 36° 30′ N
 • Longitude89° 39′ W to 94° 37′ W
PopulationRanked 33rd
 • Total3,004,279 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density56.4/sq mi  (21.8/km2)
Ranked 34th
 • Median household income$40,531 (48th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMount Magazine[3][4][a]Template:Refn
2,753 ft (839 m)
 • Mean650 ft  (200 m)
 • Lowest pointOuachita River at Louisiana border[4][a]
55 ft (17 m)
Before statehoodArkansas Territory
Admission to UnionJune 15, 1836 (25th)
GovernorAsa Hutchinson (R)
Lieutenant GovernorTim Griffin (R)
LegislatureArkansas General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJohn Boozman (R)
Tom Cotton (R)
U.S. House delegation4 Republicans (list)
Time zoneCentral: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166US-AR
AbbreviationsAR, Ark.
Websitewww.arkansas.gov

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". Arkansas, nicknamed the Land of Opportunity or The Natural State, is a state in the United States of America. Its capital and largest city is Little Rock. It has been estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2015 that around 2,978,204 people live in Arkansas.[5]

History

Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction.

Geography

File:Petit Jean State Park view.jpg
View from the summit of Petit Jean Mountain, in the Arkansas River Valley, from Mather Lodge in Petit Jean State Park.
File:Buffalo National River.jpg
The Buffalo National River, one of many attractions that give the state's nickname The Natural State.
File:Flatsidewildernesssunset1a.jpg
Flatside Wilderness Area, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas

Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, and Tennessee and Mississippi on the east. The United States Census Bureau classifies Arkansas as a southern state. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene counties. There the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel.

Arkansas has many rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Arkansas has few natural lakes but many reservoirs such as Bull Shoals Lake, Lake Ouachita, Greers Ferry Lake, Millwood Lake, Beaver Lake, Norfork Lake, DeGray Lake, and Lake Conway.[6]

Arkansas is home to many caves, such as Blanchard Springs Caverns. More than 43,000 Native American living, hunting and tool making sites have been catalogued by the State Archeologist. Arkansas is currently the only U.S. state in which diamonds are mined. This is done by members of the public with primitive digging tools for a small daily fee, not by commercial interests.[7][8]

Arkansas is home to a bunch of Wilderness Areas totaling around Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. These areas are set aside for outdoor recreation and are open to hunting, fishing, hiking, and camping. No vehicles are allowed in these areas.

Religion

Arkansas, like most other Southern states, is part of the Bible Belt. It is mostly Protestant. The largest denominations by number of followers in 2000 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 665,307; the United Methodist Church with 179,383; the Roman Catholic Church with 115,967; and the American Baptist Association with 115,916.[9]

Education

Education in Arkansas has been an issue. Part of the problem has been low teacher salaries and small budgets for spending on students. Other problems have been not wanting to integrate, refusal to teach evolution, and poor school facilities.Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Arkansas has two university systems: Arkansas State University System and University of Arkansas System. Some other public institutions are Arkansas Tech University, Henderson State University, Southern Arkansas University, and University of Central Arkansas. It is also home to 11 private colleges and universities. One of them being Hendrix College, one of the nation's top 100 liberal arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report.[10]

Culture

Arkansas is notable for its bauxite mines. Arkansas was also the first U.S. state where diamonds were found. Notable Arkansans include Bill Clinton, who was governor of Arkansas before he became the President of the United States, and Sam Walton, the founder of Wal-Mart.

Attractions

Arkansas is home to many areas protected by the National Park System. These include:[11]

Related pages

References

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

  1. Blevins 2009, p. 2.
  2. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  3. "Mag". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=FG1888. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  5. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  6. Template:Cite book
  7. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  8. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  9. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  10. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  11. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  1. 1.0 1.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".