Area is the amount of space a two dimensional (flat) surface takes up. It is useful because it is how much of a material is needed to make a hollow container; for example, how much wood is needed to make a wardrobe.
- Area of a rectangle is the length of any two touching sides multiplied together. In other words, length times width.
- Area of a triangle is half of the base multiplied by the perpendicular height. This can be found using the trigonometry formula, <math>A = 1/2 ab \sin c.</math>.
- Area of a circle: <math>A = \pi r^2</math>.