Ardennes (department)

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History

Ardennes is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Mézières as is capital. It was formed with the former province of Champagne, the principalities of Sedan and Argonne and other territories.[3]

It was divided in six districts: Charleville, Grandpré, Rethel, Rocroi, Sedan and Vouziers.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Mézières, Rethel, Rocroi, Sedan and Vouziers.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Rocroi and Sedan were eliminated but in 1942 Sedan was made again an arrondissement.[3]

The communes of Charleville and Mézières are joined to form the new commune of Charleville-Mézières; it was named the capital of the department.

Geography

Ardennes is part of the Grand Est region. It has an area of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..[2]

The department borders with Belgium (Namur and Luxembourg provinces) and 3 other departments in 2 regions:

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The highest point of the department is Croix-Scaille (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".) with an altitude of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". high.[4]; it is found between the French commune of Hautes-Rivières and the Belgian commune of Gedinne.

The lowest point is on the Aisne river in Brienne-sur-Aisne, Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". high.

Several rivers flow through the department; the main rivers are the Meuse, in the north, and the Aisne, in the south.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charleville-Mézières is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charleville-Mézières is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The month with the most precipitation on average is November with Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is June with an average of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

The average temperature for the year in Charleville-Mézières is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

Climate data for Charleville-Mézières, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Source: Weatherbase.com [1]
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Administration

Ardennes is managed by the Departmental Council of Ardennes in Charleville-Mézières. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 452 communes (municipalities) in Ardennes.[6]

Arrondissements of the Ardennes
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2014)
Area[8]
(km²)
Density
(inh./km²)
Communes
081 Charleville-Mézières Charleville-Mézières 160,939 1,825.3 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 160
082 Rethel Rethel 37,142 1,199.7 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 101
083 Sedan Sedan 59,584 792.2 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 73
084 Vouziers Vouziers 22,050 1,412.2 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 118

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Ardennes department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

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  1. Attigny (0801)
  2. Bogny-sur-Meuse (0802)
  3. Carignan (0803)
  4. Charleville-Mézières-1 (0804)
  5. Charleville-Mézières-2 (0805)
  6. Charleville-Mézières-3 (0806)
  7. Charleville-Mézières-4 (0807)
  8. Château-Porcien (0808)
  9. Givet (0809)
  10. Nouvion-sur-Meuse (0810)
  11. Rethel (0811)
  12. Revin (0812)
  13. Rocroi (0813)
  14. Sedan-1 (0814)
  15. Sedan-2 (0815)
  16. Sedan-3 (0816)
  17. Signy-l'Abbaye (0817)
  18. Villers-Semeuse (0818)
  19. Vouziers (0819)

Demographics

The inhabitants of the Ardennes department are known, in French, as Ardennais (women: Ardennaises),[10]

Ardennes had a population, in 2014, of 279,715,[11] for a population density of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Charleville-Mézières, with 160,939 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

Evolution of the population in the Ardennes <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:350000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2008 text:2008
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1968 from:0 till: 309380
 bar:1975 from:0 till: 309306
 bar:1982 from:0 till: 302338
 bar:1990 from:0 till: 296357
 bar:1999 from:0 till: 290130
 bar:2008 from:0 till: 284197
 bar:2014 from:0 till: 279715

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 309380 fontsize:S text: 309,380 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 309306 fontsize:S text: 309,306 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 302338 fontsize:S text: 302,338 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 296357 fontsize:S text: 296,357 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 290130 fontsize:S text: 290,130 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 284197 fontsize:S text: 284,197 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 279715 fontsize:S text: 279,715 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The main communes in the department are:[7]

City Population
(2014)[7]
Arrondissement
Charleville-Mézières 48,615 Charleville-Mézières
Sedan 17,829 Sedan
Rethel 7,778 Rethel
Givet 6,659 Charleville-Mézières
Revin 6,586 Charleville-Mézières
Nouzonville 6,107 Charleville-Mézières
Bogny-sur-Meuse 5,222 Charleville-Mézières

Gallery

Related pages

References

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Other websites

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