Amazonas (Venezuela)

Amazonas is one of the 23 states into which Venezuela is divided. Amazonas State covers a total surface area of 176,899 km² and, in 2007, had a population of 142,200.[1][2]

The state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. Amazonas has Venezuela's highest proportion of indigenous peoples of Venezuela.[3]

Municipalities and Municipal Seats

Municipality Capital km² Pop Map
Alto Orinoco Municipality La Esmeralda 49.217 km² 14.222 hab. (2008) 100px
Atabapo Municipality San Fernando de Atabapo 25.062 km² 12.797 hab. (2007) 100px
Atures Municipality Puerto Ayacucho 7.302 km² 91.386 hab (2007) 100px
Autana Municipality Isla Ratón 12.291 km² 8.181 hab (2007) 100px
Manapiare Municipality San Juan de Manapiare 32.042 km² 9.658 hab (2007) 100px
Maroa Municipality Maroa 13.082 km² 8.181 hab (2005) 100px
Río Negro Municipality San Carlos de Río Negro 37.903 km² 9.658 hab (2007) 100px

Geography

Rivers

File:Rio Atabapo.jpg
Atabapo river.

In this state comes the main river of Venezuela, the Orinoco, in the mount delgado Chalbaud.[4] Other rivers in the state are: Ventuari river, Yatití, Parú, Asita, Manapiare, Marieta, Guapachí, Ocamo, Putaco, Padamo, Cuntinamo, Botamo, Matacuní, Ugueto, Mavaca, Manaviche, Cunucunuma, Guanane, Yagua, Guaviare, Sipapo, Cataniapo Atabapo, Uesete, Siapa, Ararí, Manipitare, Casiquiare, Pamoni, Pasiba, Pasimoni, Negro and Guainía.[5][6][7]

National parks

File:Pico da Neblina.jpg
File:Pico da Neblina.jpg.

The State of Amazonas has many natural sites of great interest.

  • Parima Tapirapeco National Park.[7]
  • Serranía La Neblina National Park.[7]
  • Yapacana National Park.[7]
  • National Park Duida Marahuaca.[7]

Natural monuments

File:Bongo autana.jpg
tepui in Amazonas.
  • Piedra del Cocuy.[7]
  • Cerro Autana.[7]
  • Piedra de la Tortuga.[7]
  • Piedra Pintada.[7]

Fauna

The rich fauna of the region is represented by numerous specimens of mammals, reptiles, fish and birds.[7]

  • Mammals: puma, jaguar, tapir, monkey, anteater, & fox.
  • Reptiles: Orinoco crocodile, baba, turtle, tortoise, snakes, anaconda, tragavenado, cuaima, & mapanare.
  • Fish: Sapoara, shaker or electric eel, bay, caribbean, piranha, catfish, and guabina.
  • Birds: eagle, harpy eagle, hawk, macaw, katana, carpenter, helmeted, & toucan.

References

  1. Vila, Marco Aurelio. 1964: Aspectos Geograficos del Territorio Federal Amazonas. Corporación Venezolana de Fomento. Caracas. 192p.
  2. González Niño, Edgardo. 1984: Historia del Territorio Federal Amazonas. Ediciones de la Presidencia de la República. Caracas. 174p.
  3. Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", Latin American Perspectives 30(1), p52
  4. León A, Rafael de. y Rodríguez Díaz, Alberto J. (1976): El Orinoco aprovechado y recorrido. Corporación Venezolana de Guayana y Ministerio de Obras Públicas. Caracas. 216p.
  5. Zinck, Alfred. 1986. Venezuelan Rivers. Cuadernos Lagoven Lagoven, S.A. Caracas. 64p. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  6. Gines, H. 1992: Los grandes ríos suramericanos. Ediciones Corpoven. Caracas. 44p. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 Hernández Caballero, Serafín (Editor). (1998): Gran Enciclopedia de Venezuela. Editorial Globe, C.A. Caracas. 10 volúmenes. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn". Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".

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