Almoravid dynasty

Almoravid Empire

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1040–1147
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Map showing the extent of the Almoravid empire
Map showing the extent of the Almoravid empire
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CapitalAghmat (1040-1062), Marrakech(1062-1147) & Córdoba
Common languagesBerber languages (predominant), Classical Arabic, Mozarab, Hebrew language, African Romance & Andalusian Arabic
Religion
Malikite Islam (predominant), Roman Catholic, Ibadi, Judaism & Sufism
GovernmentCaliphate
Caliph 
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History 
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Area
3,885,000 km2 (1,500,000 sq mi)
CurrencyDinar & Maravedi
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
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The Almoravids were a Berber[1] dynasty from the Sahara that ruled over a wide area of northwestern Africa and the Iberian peninsula during the 11th century.

Under this dynasty the Moorish empire included present-day Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Gibraltar, Tlemcen (in Algeria) and a great part of what is now Senegal and Mali in the south, and Spain and Portugal to the north in Europe. At its greatest extent, the empire stretched 3,000 kilometres north to south (an all-time latitude spanner until Spanish America).

Rulers

  • Abdallah ibn Yasin (1040-1059)
  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin (1061–1106)
  • Ali ibn Yusuf (1106–42)
  • Tashfin ibn Ali (1142–46)
  • Ibrahim ibn Tashfin (1146)
  • Ishaq ibn Ali (1146–1147)

Related pages

References

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  1. Glick, Thomas F. Islamic And Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages. (2005) Brill Academic Publishers page 37
  • General History of Africa, Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, Ed. M. Elfasi, Ch. 13 I.Hrbek and J.Devisse, The Almoravids (pp. 336–366), UNESCO, 1988
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