South Australia
File:Adelaide montage.jpg
From top to bottom:
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Population1,324,279 (2016) (5th)
 • Density406.507/km2 (1,052.85/sq mi) (2011)
Established28 December 1836 (1836-12-28)
Area3,257.7 km2 (1,257.8 sq mi)[1]
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST)ACDT (UTC+10:30)
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.4 °C
72 °F
12.3 °C
54 °F
543.9 mm
21.4 in

Adelaide is a city in Australia. It is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and it has an approximate population of 1.2 million people.

It is the fifth biggest city in Australia, behind Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Adelaide was founded in 1836 by Colonel William Light, who named it after Queen Adelaide.

Adelaide is near the Southern Ocean and is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula. It has a river going through it called the River Torrens. Many festivals are held there. Adelaide has a hot-summer and cool-wet-winter Mediterranean climate. Grapes for wine production are grown in the Barossa Valley about 50 kilometres (30 miles) northeast of Adelaide, in the McLaren Vale about 30 kilometres south of Adelaide and parts of the Mt Lofty Ranges to the east.


  1. "2011 Census Community Profiles, Code 4GADE (GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  3. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and Brisbane". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and Perth". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.

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