Abkhazia

Republic of Abkhazia

Аҧсны / Apsny (Abkhaz)
აფხაზეთი / Apkhazeti (Georgian)
Абхазия / Abkhaziya (Russian)
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Victory
File:National Anthem of Abkhazia - Аиааира.ogg
Map of Abkhazia
Map of Abkhazia
Location of Abkhazia
Location of Abkhazia
Capital
and largest city
Sukhumi
Official languagesAbkhaz, Russian1
Non-official languagesArmenian, Georgian, Mingrelian2
Demonym(s)Abkhaz, Abkhazian
GovernmentUnitary republic
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Partially recognised independence from Georgia and the Soviet Union[1][2][3]
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Area
• Total
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Population
• Estimate
Between 157,000 and 190,0006
180,0007
• 2015 census
243,000
• Density
29/km2 (75.1/sq mi)
CurrencyRussian ruble8 (RUB)
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK)
Driving sideright
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
  1. Russian has co-official status and widespread use by government and other institutions.
  2. Mingrelian is spoken largely in the Gali district.
  3. Anulled by the Georgian Soviet immediately after.
  4. Establishing retro-actively de jure independence since the 1992-1993 war.
  5. By Russia. Only since followed by Nicaragua.
  6. International Crisis Group 2006 estimate.
  7. Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 estimate.
  8. De facto currency, several commemorative coins in Abkhazian own currency, Abkhazian apsar (ru:Апсар) were issued.

Abkhazia (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Apsny, Georgian: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti, Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Abkhazia) is a partially recognised independent country on the eastern coast of the Black Sea. Since its declaration of independence from Georgia in 1991 during the Georgian–Abkhaz conflict, it has been ruled by the partially-recognized Republic of Abkhazia.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Georgia believes Abkhazia is part of its territory and has listed the province, in its official subdivisions, as an autonomous republic (Georgian: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., Abkhaz: Аҧснытәи Автономтәи Республика, Apsnitei Avtonomtei Respublika), bordering the region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti to the east. On 28 August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia a "Russian-occupied territory."[10][11]

The Republic of Abkhazia, with Sukhumi as its capital, is recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, and the de facto independent republics of South Ossetia and Transnistria,[12] while the European Union, OSCE, and NATO recognise Abkhazia as an integral part of the territory of Georgia.[13][14][15][16]

The secessionist movement of the Abkhaz minority led to the Georgian–Abkhaz conflict. The War in Abkhazia resulted in a Georgian military defeat and the mass exodus and ethnic cleansing of the Georgian population from Abkhazia. In spite of the 1994 ceasefire accord and the ongoing UN-monitored and Russian-dominated CIS peacekeeping operation, the sovereignty dispute has not yet been resolved. This dispute remains a source of a conflict between Georgia and Russia.

Related pages

References

  1. "Президент – Республики Абхазия".
  2. http://www.apsnypress.info/news2008/September/22.htm
  3. "UNPO: Abkhazia: Review of Events for the Year 1996". unpo.org.
  4. Olga Oliker, Thomas S. Szayna. Faultlines of Conflict in Central Asia and the South Caucasus: Implications for the U.S. Army. Rand Corporation, 2003, Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  5. Abkhazia: ten years on. By Rachel Clogg, Conciliation Resources, 2001
  6. Medianews.ge. Training of military operations underway in Abkhazia, 21 August 2007
  7. Emmanuel Karagiannis. Energy and Security in the Caucasus. Routledge, 2002. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  8. GuardianUnlimited. Georgia up in arms over Olympic cash
  9. International Relations and Security Network. Kosovo wishes in Caucasus. By Simon Saradzhyan
  10. Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia declaring Abkhazia and South Ossetia occupied territories, 28 August 2008.
  11. "Abkhazia, S.Ossetia Formally Declared Occupied Territory. Civil Georgia". 2008-08-28.
  12. "Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же". Newsru. 2006-11-17. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  13. "West condemns Russia over Georgia". 26 August 2008 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  14. "Scheffer 'Rejects' Russia's Move, Civil.ge, 26 August 2008".
  15. "CoE, PACE Chairs Condemn Russia's Move, Civil Georgia, 26 August 2008".
  16. "OSCE Chair Condemns Russia's Recognition of Abkhazia, S.Ossetia, Civil Georgia, 26 August 2008".

Other websites

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